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"World Atlas of Dog Breeds".
A TFH Publication
Nunley Ranch Bulldogges were used as the
examples of the OEB Breed.
Retired or pass dogges page.. click on
THIS IS THE BEST STANDARD ON OUR BREED WITH PICTURES TO HELP YOU SEE
WHAT THEY MEAN. HOPE IT ANSWERS YOUR QUESTIONS. THANKS TO THE NRTA!
(Permission given by Margaret Burz)
RAT TERRIER STANDARDS
Accepted December 1,
The Rat Terrier not only comes in 3 sizes
but also two body types. Rats that have a square, long leg look are shown as
Class A. Rat Terriers that have a shorter leg length in proportion to body
are shown as Class B. The following standards will apply to both classes
with the exception of the difference in body to leg length (shown below)
also see (Body Standards). These are two separate and unique body styles for
the Rat Terrier and to keep them this way, it is recommended that they never
be bred together. They have been with the Rat since their American
existence, and there are no differences other than body style. Both Class A
and B dogs share all of the same wonderful rat terrier traits. To deny
either style would be to taint the existence of the breed.
CLASS A 10:10:9 RATIO
CLASS B 10:8:7 RATIO
When you first meet a Rat, his smooth
lines and muscles are immediately apparent and his face shows all the
familiarity of a dog you've known all your life. Only half the story is
told, for under that lies capabilities that are far beyond what they first
appear to be. Whether it is a Toy, Mini, or Standard Rat Terrier, from the
first look, you know that you are viewing a true athlete. They possess a
muscular body with extreme agility, astounding ability and great endurance.
Rats are never fragile and should posses great tone. He is balanced, clean,
crisp and beautiful. His coat is short, smooth, sleek and shines. From their
appearance you would never know that they are serious rat and vermin dogs
(100 times better than any cat). Being quick and clean with the kill. They
are sturdy, have well balanced movement and are in wonderful proportion.
Their tail is docked and held in an upright position when alert.
They are an attractive dog with a bouncy
yet sophisticated and concerned attitude with sparkling sincere eyes. The
Rat Terrier has the expression of being curiously concerned, somewhat
worried and seriously inquisitive.
These pictures show the classic Rat Terrier
He makes an excellent guard, companion,
and house dog and is good with children. His ease of training and innate
instincts makes the Rats unsurpassed hunters and ratters. They don't really
mind getting their feet wet and many enjoy swimming, hiking very content
playing with their own toys. He hides nothing being confident around other
animals large and small. The Rat is a dog that commands respect but
absolutely adores his family. He is eager to please bonding, sociable and
sensitive. It is never a yippee type of dog but quick to sound an alarm when
he senses something new.
Rat Terriers are enthusiast upon his peoples
arrival showering them with kisses, affection, love and loyalty. He is
basically pleasant and easy to get along with. At ease at home relaxing with
his master doing well with the family, hardy enough to with stand a child's
The Rat Terrier retains his true terrier
heritage by being a superb ratter. He is gritty, feisty and tough yet never
out of control, quick, alert, agile and fleet. They will make strong eye
contact with you, cocking their head trying to understand, willing to do
what ever you ask of them. But clowning around, soliciting play and sleeping
by their master with one eye open, always ready, is one of their
specialties. Although they prefer to not stray far from their master's side,
they sometimes enjoy the solitude of their own space. Rats are highly
adaptable to a variety of climates and environments, from apartments to
farms and from Alaska to Florida. While active outdoors he makes a wonderful
house pet, companion and watchdog. Females make excellent mothers, hardy,
healthy rugged and clean.
Shown below are head styles that
should not be seen on a Rat Terrier
Medium long, muscular cheeks,
wedge shaped and blunted, tapered but not snippy. Distance
approximately equal to skull. Moderate stop. Fault: to sharp
of a stop like seen in the Chihuahua breed or too short of a
Medium, tapered, not sharp.
Slightly rounded with moderate
width between the ears. Fault: apple or dome head.
Proper head for a Rat Terrier
Wedge shaped placed well up on the side of
the head. Preferred Erect, Acceptable Semi Erect/Tipped and Button/Folded.
Fault: spaced to far apart, one up one down, round and bat like or
Nose should be solid in color. Acceptable
colors, Black or slate, brown or red shaded according to coat color.
Fault: pink or pink spotted, snow nose.
Scissors or level. The top teeth should
not extend more than 1/16 of an inch beyond the lower teeth. Fault:
overshot that extends more than 1/16 of an inch and is to be penalized by
the degree of severity. Extreme fault: undershot bite wry mouth,
retained baby teeth in adult dogs.
Should be tight and smooth, predominately
black or in accordance with coat color. Fault: lips that overhang
hiding the lower jaw or sagging flews.
long, slightly arched, widening into the shoulder, strong and muscular in
appearance giving good support to the head. There should be no hint of
throatiness. Fault: straight or thin lacking muscle.
The forequarters act as a unit on the dog. When
one part is not in unison or proportion with the others it tends to throw
off the entire forequarters.
Sloping and well arched with good
layback set at a 45% angle. The
length from the elbow to the top of the shoulder should be
approximately the same length as the
distance from the elbow to the
ground. The scapula is equal in length to the upper arm.
Fairly deep and well ribbed. When
viewed from the front,
moderately wide between the shoulders allowing straight
placement of the legs. When viewed from
the side the chest lies even
or extends just beyond the shoulders. The brisket
descends to or just above the elbow.
Fault: to narrow, excessive
barrel chest or one that lacks depth in brisket
givingtoo leggy of an appearance.
Straight with ample bone and
proportion placed well under the body. Feet pointed forward and at
the same distance apart from between the elbows and at the feet.
Forearm and upper arm are of approx. equal distance, forearm being
Fault: turned in or out, bow
Free from the body, held close and
perpendicular. When viewed from the front, elbows should not be
visible.Fault: turning neither in or out, bow legged.
Oval, compact, well arched, middle
two toes longer than the others. Well up on pastern showing a very
slight angle towards the ground. Front and rear dewclaws are
normally removed. This cuts down injuries to the working dogs feet.
If front dewclaws are present they are not to be faulted.
Fault: feet turned either in or
out, splayed. Down on
pastern or knuckled over. Rear
This dog shows proper leg
proportion. Legs are
straight with equal distance.
This dog has a narrow chest which
lacks any depth causing his elbows
and feet to turn out,it lacks in sufficient
neck and body muscle giving his head
body length of both classes is the same, it is the length of leg that
CLASS A - Height is approximately the
same to length, measured from ground to withers and from point of shoulder
to rump, length not to exceed 1 1/2" from height. For example if your dog is
12 " long, it should measure no less than 10 1/2" in height.
Fault: excessive barrel chest or round body.
CLASS B - the shorter leg type, body length not to exceed 3 " or
less than 1 3/4" from height. For example if your dog measures 12" in
length, its height should fall between 9"- 10 1/4". Fault: excessive
barrel chest or round body.
Level, straight and strong. Tail
set high coming right off the back.
BRISKET: (chest rib cage)
Set fairly deep giving ample lung
space, lying even or just above the elbow. Ribs are well sprung but
do not interfere with leg placement.
Fault: to shallow or too wide
causing bowing or turning in or out of legs.
The bottom line has moderate tuck
up into the loins (waist).
Fault: Extreme tuck up as seen in the Greyhound breed causing
the back to roach or lack of
tuck up giving a straight underline appearance.
The hindquarters are
moderately angulated, set in alignment with front legs.
Strong and muscular in thigh. Slight angulation in hock and
well let down. Stifles turned neither in or out.
Fault: cow hocked,
straight stifles or bowed.
Upper and lower thighs are
Turned neither in or out
when viewed from the rear and
has a slight inward angulation
when viewed from the side.
Oval and compact, more Hare
like than Cat like with the middle two toes being longer.
Dewclaws should be removed before the dog is one week of
(Arrow shows pasterns)
Set high and carried erect when
the dog is alert. Tails should be docked as a puppy before one week
of age. Leave approximately 3/4 of an inch on the puppy, which as
adults produces a tail of approx. 2-3". Fault: full tail, or
no tail (exception; a dog born with a natural bob is not to be
penalized regardless of tail length)
Smooth flowing legs moving
straight, agile with rear legs in unison with front legs. Good
conformation and proper structure determine correct movement. If any
body part is in misalignment it will affect the soundness of the
dogs gait. Faults are given to the part of the body structure that
causes incorrect movement.
Short, smooth, thick and dense with
lots of luster and shine.
Black, blue, red, apricot, lemon, charcoal, chocolate or liver.
Browns:(Sable, fawn, tan) Chocolate and liver must have a chocolate,
liver or red nose.
With white, w/ tan, w/ white and tan
Tri, Piebald (spots of color), Bi (no
wht), Solid, Ticking
WEIGHT AND HEIGHT:
Toys 10lbs. or less (Tots
under 5lbs.) Height - not to exceed 12 inches
Mini over 10lbs up to 18lbs.
Height - not to exceed 15 inches
Standard over 18lbs up to 28lbs.
Height - not to exceed 18 inches
(measured from the withers to the
A dog that cannot be brought under
control. Monorchid and Cryptorchid, pure white, brindle or merle
DIAGRAM OF PARTS OF A DOG
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